• Nur Melizza Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
  • Yoyok Bekti Prasetyo Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
  • Nur Lailatul Masruroh Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
  • Anggraini Dwi Kurnia Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
Keywords: hypertension, sleep quality, PSQI influencing factors


The incidence of hypertension is still very high in various ages and genders. Hypertension itself is caused by several factors, namely stress and consumption of foods that contain excessive salt. While the risk factors include family history, lifestyle, poor diet, smoking, racial sex, and age. Another factor that is often overlooked is sleep patterns. This study aims to determine what factors can affect the quality of sleep in patients with hypertension. The research design used a cross-sectional study approach with a total sample of 57 hypertension patients under the work area of ​​Puskesmas Ciptomulyo Malang City and the sampling technique used was accidental sampling. The questionnaires used included the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and DASS 42. The results showed that the demographic data of respondents with the category of the late elderly 56-65 years were 22 respondents (38.6%), female gender was 35 respondents (61, 4%), SD education level was 32 respondents (40.4%), and worked as many as 35 respondents (61.4%). The results of the correlation test showed that the characteristics of respondents that affected the quality of sleep in patients with hypertension were age (p = 0.014) and gender (p = 0.005). Meanwhile, the factors that affect the sleep quality of hypertensive patients are psychosocial stress with a p-value = 0.001. So it can be concluded that the factors that affect the quality of sleep in patients with hypertension are age, gender, and psychosocial stress.