THE EFFECT OF EARLY BREASTFEEDING INITIATION ON DURATION OF THIRD STAGE OF DELIVERY

  • Hotma Sauhur Hutagaol Poltekkes Kemenkes Medan
  • Satyawati Sulubara Poltekkes Kemenkes Medan
Keywords: Early Breastfeeding Initiation, Duration of third stage of labor, Duration of placenta discharge

Abstract

The risk of postpartum hemorrhage will occur that could endanger the lives of mother when the contraction is not good and lengthening of the third stage of labor. Hence Early breastfeeding initiation is expected to affect the smooth muscle tissue of the uterus to contract thus speeding up the release of the placenta from the uterine wall and help reduce bleeding after delivery. This study aims to analyze the effect of early breastfeeding initiation on the duration of third stage of labor. This study is a cross-sectional comparatif study. The tools used in the research is digital stopwatch, weight scales and tape meter. Observations of newborns with normal deliveries were implemented early breastfeeding initiation or not, then measuring the duration of third stage of labor and the duration of the placenta discharge in both groups. Data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney test, and the p-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. A total of 32 women were studied (16 in observation group, 16 in control group). The average duration of third stage of labor in early breastfeeding initiation group for 08,15 ± 0.3 minutes and the average duration of third stage of labor in the non early breastfeeding initiation group for 10.23 ± 1.3 minutes. The average duration of the placenta discharge at early breastfeeding initiation group for 02.15 ± 0.3 minutes and in non early breastfeeding initiation group for 02.45 ± 1.8 minutes. There is a significant relationship between early breastfeeding initiation on the duration of third stage of labor with p value 0.030 (<0.05). There was no significant relationship between early breastfeeding initiation with the duration of placenta disccharge with p value> 0.05. From the results of this study concluded that early breastfeeding initiation affect the acceleration duration of third stage of labor. Duration of the placenta discharge was lower with the early breastfeeding group, though not statistically significant.

Published
2019-09-02