THE EFFECT OF FAMILY PSYCHOEDUCATION THERAPY TOWARD THE PARENT’S ABILITY TO THE MENTAL RETARDATION CHILD INDEPENDENCY IN SLBN-1 PALANGKA RAYA

  • Syam’ani Syam’ani Nursing Major, Polytechnic Health Ministry of Palangka Raya, G. Obos Street No. 30, 73111, Palangka Raya
Keywords: family psychoeducation therapy, parent’s ability, mental retardation child

Abstract

The problem of mental retardation associated with all portions, especially the family/parents. Family
environment influential directly in educating a child because at the time of birth and for the next
period, children and families requiring assistance another person to carry out his life. Families of
children with mental retardation often have more complex problems in the formation of personality,
behavior and meeting the needs of children. The aims is to determine the effect of family
psychoeducation therapy on the parent’s ability in a mental retardation child's independence. This
research use “one group-pretest-postest design”. The samples in this study were 32 respondents who
are parents of children with mental retardation and school in SLBN 1 Palangka Raya. The results of
this study indicate that the family’s ability in the mental retardation child's independence after family
psychoeducation therapy increased significantly by 1.61 with p value = 0.000 (α 0.05). It can be
concluded that there is a significant change in the average ability of the family in the mental
retardation child's independence before and after family psychoeducation therapy. The research
recommends family psychoeducation therapy as one of the independent nursing intervention for
families who have mental retardation child to increase the child's independence

Published
2019-07-19